SUBTRACTION OF WHOLE NUMBERS
Subtraction is the opposite of addition. The sign of operation looks like this ().
The sign () tells you to "take away"; so in the problem, 8 blocks 3 blocks = 5 blocks, you are
"taking away" 3 blocks from the 8 blocks; and you have 5 blocks left.
This problem may also look like this:
8
Minuend

3
Subtrahend
5
Difference
1.
In this case the 8 is called the___________________________.
2.
The 3 is called the_______________________.
3.
The 5 is called the_______________________.
15