Spill prevention and response
(2) Environmental Protection Issues. The hazardous material most commonly associated
with FP are fuel, oil, hydraulic fluid, grease, solvent, graywater, and blackwater. While other potentially
hazardous substances exist, these are the most prevalent and require planning to effectively manage.
The following areas should be considered:
(a) Hazardous Material Requisitioning. The unit's HM/HW Coordinator maintains an
up-to-date list of all the unit's hazardous materials, corresponding manuals, and documents. The unit's
inventory should be kept as small as possible to reduce the potential for incidents. The least amount of
hazardous or potentially hazardous material needed to do the task should be requisitioned: however,
consideration must be given to the turn around time for supplies ordered.
(b) Hazardous Material Storage. Hazardous materials should be stored in their original
or approved containers. All containers must be clearly labeled with the appropriate MSDS information
and stowed in accordance with the appropriate storage requirements for each product. An MSDS should
be kept in the appropriate hazard communications manuals. POL products should be stored with
secondary containment. To stop spillage outside the immediate area, construct berms that can hold one
and one-half times the volume of the largest container stored in the area. Store all HM and HW so that
they are protected from the elements to maintain container integrity. Inspect all containers for leaks and
for incomplete, unreadable, or out-of-date labels weekly. Inspect HW weekly. Document results of the
inspection on a log and make them accessible to federal, state, or local inspectors. HM should be used
on a first-in first-out basis. Surplus quantities of HM, which need an extended period of storage, should
be turned in.
(c) Hazardous Material Turn-In. DRMO can provide guidance on local turn-in of HEW
and unused HM. HW awaiting turn-in should be documented using an accumulation log. The
accumulation log should give the date the container was opened, date and quantity of each addition,
name of person adding HW, the date the container was filled or closed, and date turned in to DRMO or
other authorized agency. All turn-in documents for HM and HW, and the accumulation logs for HW
should be kept on file for two years.
(d) Hazardous Waste Accumulation. Accumulated HW' should be placed on a
nonpermeable bermed hardstand, labeled, and located 50 feet or more from any building. Protect it from
the elements. Used greases, solvents, brake fluids,