Security. Concealment is important, also. Select a site that gives adequate cover from enemy
observation and attack. Select a site for the collapsible tanks, pumps, and hypochlorinators that is in the
woods or in a tree line where the natural shadows disguise telltale shapes.
Road Nets. Your site should be large enough to meet the needs of supply and distribution plans but not
so large that handling operations become inefficient. The site should have easy access to road nets, and
at least one road should run through the supply point. However, do not choose a site that is close to
important communication and population centers. They are, in most cases, potential enemy targets.
There should be two large areas (one in front and one in the rear) for truck parking.
Site Preparation. You may have to expand the supply point. The site you choose should have enough
space to add more collapsible tanks and truck parking areas. The three major items of equipment in the
PWS/DS are the collapsible tanks, the pumps, and the hypochlorinators. Slope the tank sites gently
away from the input side of the tank to help drain the tanks when they are removed. The slope for the
tank sites can be no more than 3 inches for every 100 feet.
Deployment. The proper force structuring of water support and the time-phased deployment of units in
that structure is an iterative process. It is done by organizational integrators who consider the operational
scenario, strategic lift availability, and pre-positioned supplies and equipment.
The process usually begins with the identification of the force size and planned troop deployment rate.
Time-phased water requirements are then estimated, using consumption planning factors. Units are then
selected and scheduled for deployment so that purification, storage, and distribution capabilities are
consistent with requirements.
PART C - REVIEW SITE SELECTIONS
Review Site Selections. It is necessary for you to review the water section supervisor's
recommendation on the selection of sites from the reconnaissance. You will do this by reviewing the
recorded reconnaissance observations as noted on DA Form 1712-R (Figure 1-1). The supervisor of the
reconnaissance team will forward completed forms to the G3/S3 of the tasking unit. Survey an average of
three sites for each proposed water point when possible. The reports must be carefully prepared and
available on time. The information must be legible, clear, concise, and as complete as possible.
Some Factors to Consider When Reviewing the Most Suitable Sites. After reviewing the
reports from each site, the most suitable site will be selected. Where potential water points meet all the
requirements noted in the Quality-Quantity block, these sections of a water point should be based on the
condition of the site. Drainage, security, and adequacy of the bivouac area should be considered in that
order of importance.
Number of Sites. The number of sites will depend on the mission requirements. A change in personnel
load, enemy attack, or mission requirements may change the areas where you need a site. Keep
alternate sites available. Keep informed of current tactical situations.
Reserve Sites. The sites that are of lesser quality can be reserve sites. Although such sites may
require resources to improve the conditions, they are important sites. Enemy sabotage or changes in
environmental conditions can make the water at the primary site unusable. It also can cause the source
to dry up. You need to be flexible under the adverse conditions in combat. Having reserve sites will
help you manage the water point efficiently.
Previously Used Sites. Do not assume that because a possible site was in use before, it is the best
choice. Check the facts. Weather conditions or enemy sabotage may have altered the site to make it
completely unacceptable. If you plan to move a team up to a previously occupied water point, send a
reconnaissance team first. Do not assume that a site used before is automatically an acceptable choice
for your unit.
Preliminary Selection. Base your preliminary choice on tactical requirements. Then, carefully check
the report's quality section and the rating from the person who prepared the report. If you have any
historical data on any of the sites, compare them to see if there has been any changes in the
Quality/Quantity block and site conditions.
Time. Finally, consider the time you plan to be in the area and the improvements needed to make the
site acceptable. The site selected should require the least developmental resources.