security elements; organizing, equipping, and training units specifically
designed for these missions; assigning area responsibilities; and
rehearsed, and route patrolling and convoy escorting are carried out.
The operational phase includes measures taken during or after an
attack or a natural disaster. These actions begin when an incident
occurs and include units sending reports to the commander concerned on
the nature and extent of the damage. These reports allow for necessary
estimates and orders for establishing route clearances and redirecting
supply flow. Thus, interruption of support to combat forces is reduced.
Combat forces receive data in time to change priorities and tactical
Salvage and search and recovery operations begin on order. Traffic and
personnel movement controls are established. If necessary, nuclear,
biological, chemical (NBC) decontamination is begun. Emergency supplies
Petroleum Group. The extent to which the petroleum group becomes
involved in rear area protection is prescribed by higher authority. The
group and its units stand ready to participate in these operations as
directed. Consequently, the group security officer stays in close
contact with the RAOC. The group security officer also supervises
development of petroleum group rear area protection plans and procedures.
He directs implementation of plans and procedures by subordinate
Protection of Petroleum Supplies. Protective measures for petroleum
supplies include special packaging, proper storage, and dispersion of
supplies and installations. Protection against chemical contamination
and nuclear fallout, and maximum use of natural and artificial protective
shelters or other shielding devices. Every advantage is taken of natural
cover and camouflage for pipelines located above ground. Underground
pipelines are use whenever possible. Embankments and underground storage
facilities can be effectively used to reduce blast damage. Dispersion of
packaged supplies limits and keeps under control fires that start as a
result of a nuclear explosions. Care is taken to keep combustible
materials to a minimum in and around petroleum supply installations.
Demolition. Demolition is a command responsibility. It is performed
only as a last resort and only to prevent supplies and equipment from
falling into enemy hands. Except in emergencies, demolition is performed
only on orders from higher headquarters. Unless otherwise specified,
petroleum stocks are destroyed by burning.
PART C - ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
Supply and storage facilities often contain HM. You must ensure that
personnel take precautions when storing and transporting these materials.
Keep a copy of the applicable MSDS for each HM on hand in a binder in the
storage area. You can support your installation's environmental goals in
supply areas by doing the following:
Compliance. Store materials according to the manufacturer's
guidelines, as stated on the MSDS.