Section I Acronyms and Abbreviations
After Action Report
Military Occupational Specialist
Noncommissioned officer in charge
American Petroleum Institute
American Society for Testing and
bottom sediment and water
pounds per square inch
Department of Defense
Environmental Protection Agency
Federal Facilities Compliance Act
Resource Conservation and Recovery
Hazardous Material Information System
Reid Vapor Pressure
in accordance with
standard operating procedure
Installation Spill Contingency Plan
Material Safety Data Sheets
Section II. Terms
light ends The most volatile portions of a carbon
American Petroleum Institute (API) The institute
components that boil off first in distillation.
represents and is supported by the petroleum
Opposite of heavy ends.
industry. It standardizes the tools and equipment
used by the industry and promotes the
Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) The measure of
advancement of research in the petroleum field.
pressure exerted by a product on the interior of a
special container due to its tendency to vaporize.
American Society for Testing and Materials
(ASTM) A national scientific technical organization
ullage The amount a tank, or container, lacks of
formed for the development of standards or
characteristics performance of materials, products,
systems, and services and the promotion of
volume correction The correction of measured
quantity of product, determined by gaging at
observed temperature and gravity and reference
API Gravity An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity
to a gage table, to net quantity of product at
or density of liquid petroleum products. The
measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees
60F (16C) after deducting bottom water and
API. The gravity of any petroleum product is
corrected to 60F (16C).
barge A flat-bottomed boat used to carry cargo on
inland waters or in lighterage service. Barges are
usually towed. A petroleum barge has internal
tanks to transport liquid cargo.
cut A fraction obtained by a separation process.
Product withdrawn from a pipeline and routed into
tankage. Product withdrawn from the middle of a
batch is referred to as a heart cut. In gaging bulk
fuel, the mark made by a petroleum product in
contact with the gaging instrument. The cut shows
the level of the product.