1. Objective. The OJT program is a primary means of training that continues to gain in
importance. OJT is used most often to teach newly assigned soldiers how to do a specific job. It
can also be used to train experienced soldiers in a new technique or position. OJT is necessary
for any soldier starting a new job, no matter what his previous jobs have been. It also provides a
vehicle to train workers in the Army's environmental stewardship program objectives.
The advantages of OJT are:
(1) Soldiers work while they are learning.
(2) Immediate feedback is given on what they learned and the results.
(3) Soldiers are taught by the same people with whom they will be working.
(4) Soldiers learn a specific job according to the established standards.
The disadvantages of OJT are:
(1) Too much or too little supervision during training.
(2) If the trainer is not qualified, the student may be taught bad habits and work
(3) No uniform standard of instruction is given during this training, and trainees may
feel frustrated because they have to learn too much too quickly.
(4) Trainees' work may be unfairly compared with that of the more experienced
workers, or the trainer may not have the ability, time, or patience to teach.