d. Once a standard is set and is in use, do not change it. At times, there may be an
exceptional worker who will produce more than he/she is required by the standard. However, the
average worker will not, so do not change the standard. The below table is a recommended
outline for training:
Table 2-2. Training Outline
Prepare the Trainee
Put the trainee at ease.
Demonstrate the task. Show the trainee where to put ingredients, utensils, and equipment
so that they can be easily reached.
Present the Operation
Demonstrate the job step-by-step.
Be patient and be thorough so that details are not missed.
Go slowly enough for the trainee to follow the demonstration.
Ask questions to make sure that the trainee understands the operation.
Review frequently to make sure that the pace is not too fast.
Have the Trainee Try the Operation
Ask the trainee to demonstrate the operation and to explain each step. Ask questions
about what, how, and why a step is done. These questions reinforce the learning process.
Correct errors tactfully.
Follow Up the Training
Let the trainee function independently.
Tell the trainee to come to the trainer for help or materials.
Give further instruction when necessary.
4. Performance Standards. Performance standards tell soldiers how well they must do a job.
The standards give the sequence in which the steps in the tasks must be done. Use these
standards as a training tool. They should be clear-cut so that both workers and supervisors can
understand them. They should specify what soldiers must be able to do at each grade level before
they can be promoted to the next grade. Each supervisor should maintain a leader book to record
Personnel Selection. Select the personnel to be trained and those to do the training.
During the first interview with a trainee, find out what he or she knows.
(1) Check personnel records.