Site Selection. The team should select a site that is on high, porous ground to allow for proper drainage.
When doing the planning, consider the potential for seasonal flooding within the proposed area. Water
purification equipment must be placed on level ground with a slope that allows for drainage away from
operations. Always remember that poor drainage leads to serious maintenance problems. You should
consider the equipment capacity and if it can handle any terrain obstacles. Many of the constituents that
could exist in the backwash could present serious threats to the environment if improperly handled. For
this reason, backwash should not be disposed of through drainage ditches or by dumping in water
source. Generally, the more the concentration of a particular constituent is above its criteria level (in the
discharge), the higher the likelihood of environmental damage in the receiving water.
The site should provide cover and concealment and provide security against ground attack and sabotage.
It should be a safe distance from pre artillery and aerial targets. Remember that any physical damage
done on the environment (for example, trees, vegetation, soil) should be minimized. After operations
are completed, environmental damage should be repaired as much a possible.
The team must find a bivouac area that will support the troops. When setting up a bivouac area,
consider security, facilities, sanitation, and comfort of the troops. This area must be at least 100 feet
downstream from purification operations. The latrines must be at least 100 meters downstream. Once
you have identified a potential site, you must draw a sketch of the area which includes road net, traffic
circulation, setup of the equipment, and other important information. These sketches will provide the
planners an idea of the proposed site, layout, and if any site improvements are required.
PART C - STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION SITE CONSIDERATIONS
Terrain, Security, Road Nets, and Site Preparation.
and site preparation needs. You should locate the site as close to supported units as dispersion factors,
source of supply, and the tactical situation permit. You should use vacated forward sites or existing
facilities whenever possible.
Your reconnaissance team must try to locate an area that is reasonably level and well drained to prevent
water from impeding resupply operations. The tank site should be without slopes since a large slope can
cause filled tanks to roll sideways, backwards, or forward.
Site security is an important factor to keep in mind. You should try to select a site that gives adequate
cover and concealment from enemy observation and attack. The site should include areas to conceal the
equipment by using natural terrain features and shadows to disguise the telltale shapes of the equipment.
The site needs to be large enough to meet the needs of supply and distribution plan but not so large that
handling operations become inefficient. The site should have easy access to road nets. At least one road
should run through the supply point. Keep the site away from population and communication centers as
they are potential targets. Ensure there are adequate parking and staging areas. These areas will
probably be the locations where vehicle maintenance operations may occur. You should recognize that
the potential for environmental damage is greatly increased during distribution operations. Ensure that
vehicle leaks and spills are identified, controlled, and cleaned up as soon as possible. Used oils, other
waste fluids, and any contaminated soil must be stored in properly marked containers and properly