c. Membership of the NRT includes representatives from the following agencies:
Environmental Protection Agency
United States Coast Guard
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense
Department of Energy
Department of Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Department of State
Department of Transportation
General Services Administration
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Department of Health and Human Federal
Emergency Management Agency
(1) The chair of the NRT is the EPA representative; the vice-chair is the USCG representative.
During periods of activation, the chair is the member agency providing the OSC.
(2) The NRT assists in developing a national exercise program and provides expertise for specific
Steps for Spill Response.
For any spill, the first step is to stop the spill! Upon detection, the proper authorities should be notified and the
emergency response plan should be activated. Once the spill source has been identified and stopped, the second
step is to contain the spill. Containment methods vary, but the intent is clear: Keep the spill from spreading and
get it cleaned up! The third step, then, is clean up the spill. The fourth step is remediation and restoration of the
site. The fifth and final step is disposal of the waste.
Spills on Land.
a. Determine what areas are at risk, the direction in which a spill would flow, and what containment
devices/procedures would be needed.
b. The following are the most frequently used containment devices:
(1) Berms -- used in both fixed and temporary storage areas; constructed of concrete, block, or earth
and designed to contain the entire contents of a tank plus one extra foot for overfill. Berm liners are required to
prevent fuel from soaking into the soil.
(2) Dikes -- "retaining walls" constructed in the anticipated path of the spill.
(3) Ditches - dug to contain spills within a fuel area.
(4) Curbing - placed in transfer points, areas in which relatively small quantities may be spilled (for
example, gas station).
(5) Grating -- allows overflow or spillage to accumulate in a tank (for example, garage).