ground products Refined petroleum products normally intended for use in administrative, combat, and tactical
vehicles, materials-handling equipment, special-purpose vehicles, and stationary power and heating
innage tape and bob A steel measuring tape connected by a harness snap to the eye of cone-tipped bob. Used
to measure the distance from the bottom of the tank to the liquid level of product in a tank or gage pipe.
Joint Petroleum Office (JPO) An office established by the Joint Chiefs of Staff with petroleum logistics
responsibilities in a unified command in oversea areas.
off-specification product A product which fails to meet one or more of the physical, chemical, or performance
requirements of the specification.
petroleum measurement tables ASTM-IP tables provided for the calculation of quantities of petroleum and its
products under the required conditions in any of three systems of measurements. Tables are provided for the
reduction of gravity and volume to standard states over normal operating ranges, for calculation of weight-
volume relationship, and for interconversion of a wide variety of commercially useful unit's (ASTM Method D
POL Petroleum, Oils, and Lubricants. Included are petroleum fuels, lubricants, hydraulic and insulating oils,
temporary protectives, liquid and compressed gases, chemical products, liquid coolants, deicing and antifreeze
compounds, together with components and additives of such products.
quality surveillance The measures taken to ensure that petroleum products which have been accepted by the
government as being of the required quality are still of the required quality when delivered to the user. QS
includes watching over and caring for products during all storage and handling operations, adhering to handling
methods and procedures designed to protect quality, and examining and testing of products in storage and on
change of custody.
sediment and water Solids and aqueous solutions which may be present in an oil and which may be left to settle
or which may be separated more rapidly by a centrifuge.
specific gravity The ratio of the weight of any quantity of matter, a petroleum product for example, to the weight
of an equal quantity of water; usually determined by use of a hydrometer.
volatile Tending to evaporate or vaporize readily; volatility is the extent to which a liquid vaporizes or the ease
with which it turns to vapor.
volume correction The correction of measured quantity of product, determined by gaging at observed
temperature and gravity and reference to a gage table, to net quantity of product at 60,,F (16,,C) after deducting
bottom water and sediment.
water contamination Water present
in a fuel
in any form; includes dissolved water similar
in the air,
entrained water suspended in the form of minute droplets, and free water.