(2) Coupled systems are constructed by stringing the pipe (placing the pipe along
the route and then stove-piping it one joint at a time like a chimney stovepipe). Various coupling
methods may be used including bolted joiners or mechanical clamps.
(3) Welded construction is used almost exclusively for civilian or industrial
petroleum applications. In comparison, welded construction is a bulk military distribution system that is
used largely for ship-to-shore tankers unloading lines (submarine or dock) or at locations where the
situation dictates buried pipelines.
c. Army Pipeline Responsibilities. While many personnel think of pipelines as a pure
Quartermaster Corps mission, it is truly a team effort among several branches of the service as discussed
Quartermaster Corps responsibilities are to:
Establish POL use requirements.
Operate military pipeline systems.
Provide organizational level maintenance to pipeline systems once in place.
Engineer Corps POL responsibilities include designing, constructing, and maintaining:
Bulk storage facilities.
Marine terminal facilities.
Fixed dispensing equipment.
Other technical service responsibilities:
(a) The Transportation Corps responsibility for movement of POL by means other than
pipeline and local distribution.
(b) The Ordnance Corps maintains and forms petroleum product specifications because
of their role as developer and maintainer of engines requiring fuel.
The Signal Corps provides communications support to pipeline operations.
d. Design Fuel. Before we build any pipeline, many factors must be taken into account. The first
we will discuss is the design fuel. The definition for design fuel is the heaviest fuel making up 24
percent or more of the total annual fuel requirement. Below is an example of how to determine the
Given the following total annual fuel requirement for a theater by fuel type: