planning factors. Units are then selected and scheduled for deployment so that purification, storage, and
distribution capabilities are consistent with requirements.
b. Early deployment of CSS water units can be expected in arid regions. This is necessary
because of the increased consumption requirements, limited availability of aircraft for aerial resupply,
and the need for centralized production. Centralized production will be near the shore. The purification
teams and detachments, as well as water supply companies that operate storage and distribution systems,
will appear early on the timed-phased forced deployment lists.
c. Since the capability of Army divisions and other services to produce their own requirements
will be difficult to predict, logistics planners must provide a force structure adequate to purify, store, and
distribute the daily requirement for the force. Logistic planners should develop contingency plans with
host nations for identifying and determining the availability of water resources for use by US forces.
Existing HNS communication channels should be used to determine the ability of the host nation to
assist in meeting water requirements.
7. Environmental Considerations. Planners and water officers in charge of water operations must
consider the impact of water operations on the environment and determine what regulatory requirements
must be met before operating. You may have to develop a safety program that must address some of
these environmental stewardship considerations. Many supervisors would not think twice about where
they would drain a 3,000-gallon storage tank. However, you need to start thinking about it because it
may be a violation of one of the many regulatory agencies that set and implement environmental
regulations. Always consider the environmental impact of a discharge of wastes, effluents, and
chemicals. Potable water drained from a storage tank is considered a "discharge" and may need to be
disposed of properly. You must be aware of and comply with all applicable environmental regulations
in effect. Before setting up operations in the United States, check with local environmental officials to
see what requirements are expected before, during, and after operations. Many military installations
may have current discharge permits for areas of operation located on the installation which are currently
used by other units. Check with the Installation Environmental Office for guidance. In other countries,
it is always necessary to check with local authorities for regulatory requirements. Each country in which
purification, storage, and distribution operations may be used will have their own guidance on disposal
of wastes, discharges, and chemicals during a training exercise, as well as the ambient water quality
criteria. Your unit must comply with the environmental standards applicable in the host country.