Current doctrine for petroleum support recognizes the differences in requirements imposed by both the developed
and undeveloped theaters. The developed theater will normally have host nation assets that will augment the
military bulk petroleum system. The capabilities of allies to support or interface with bulk petroleum facilities
and stocks is theater-unique. The JPO will integrate any allied capability into the operational plans and will use
allied/host nation support to augment U.S. capabilities. The following capabilities are normally available in the
a. Tanker loading/unloading facilities
b. A theater is a geographical area in which a unified command conducts military operations. A
developed theater has a COMMZ and a combat zone. The COMMZ is the rear part of the theater behind the
combat zone, that contains the lines of communications, establishments for supply, and other agencies required
for the immediate support and maintenance of the field forces. The combat zone is the area required by the
combat forces for the conduct of operations.
c. The Bulk petroleum distribution system in a developed theater includes discharge facilities, which
include tanker moorings, piers, docks, sea terminals, inland tank farms, and other petroleum facilities. It also
includes pump stations and pipelines.
NOTE: See Figure 12-2.