percent volume = volume of solute x 100%
volume of solution
This is a description of neutrali-
zation of acids and bases.
Acids neutralize bases and bases
Number of equivalent weights of solute
Liters of solution
One of the first steps in the making of chemical solutions is to
ensure that all the glassware is properly cleaned according to
If chemical cleaning is necessary, monitor the
process to ensure that all safety measures are adhered to.
Directly relating to this is ensuring that used solutions are
disposed of in an appropriate container.
Many of the chemicals found in the laboratory can be dangerous
if not handled properly.
Broken or damaged containers must be
You must ensure that all spills are
cleaned up immediately and hazardous materials and waste are
disposed of in accordance with the laboratory SOP.
It is your
responsibility to ensure that all technicians know how to safely
conduct themselves in the laboratory.
The laboratory SOP, FM
10-67-2, and MSDS along with other pertinent guidelines must be
used as guides to handling chemicals properly and safely.
Everyone shares the responsibility of preventing injury to
himself and to others, as well as preventing damage to the
For a detailed explanation of relevant safety
measures, please refer to FM 10-67-2, Chapter 10, Section I.
Other guidance for handling chemicals may be found in the MSDS
and the laboratory SOP.
When you are preparing solutions, it is vital that proper
measurements are performed.
Improper measurements may lead to
unexpected chemical reactions, which in turn may lead to adverse
Make sure that technicians follow the procedures as
outlined in the test procedure and in the Preparation of