as foxholes to the existing road network that you will be able to use
for your operations.
Avoid low areas so vapors do not get the chance to collect.
Use reasonably level ground with no more than a 3-degree incline on
any surface. If you set up on a larger incline, your storage tanks
could roll when you start to fill them.
Do not set up upstream of troop concentrations. Spills and accidents
could pollute their water supply.
Maximize the use of cover and concealment. Often, many of the
components of a class III supply point can be concealed inside a
wooded area or along a tree line. Other components can be hardened
Distance between each storage tank. Forty feet is recommended for
safe operations; however, the physical terrain features of the final
site will dictate the actual distance between the tanks.
One-way traffic flow with checkpoints at the entry and exit points.
Different space requirements for bulk, retail, and packaged
operations. The operating space to service retail customers may not
be the same as for bulk customers. Usually, you will need a
much-larger operating space for your bulk customers than your retail
Availability of other transportation modes. You should always try to
take advantage of any rail loading facilities or barge loading points
Site Selection. Select a reasonably level site that can hold container
stacks. Choose a site with good drainage so that water does not damage
the containers. Avoid low areas because dangerous vapors collect in
them. Do not use an area with a cinder base or marshland and wasteland
overlaid with peat; they are usually damp. Use such areas only if no
other site is available. Be sure the site has natural cover and
concealment and is large enough for future expansion. Do not locate near
other areas of operation (Figure 4-1). Stay at least 500 feet away for
low-flash products and 200 feet for high-flash products. Your site must
be away from overhead electric lines so a broken wire cannot fall on the
drums. Clear the site of all underbrush that may get in the way or
present a fire hazard. Spread sand, gravel, or similar material over
areas where you store containers. They help drain the area and provide a
more stable base for the stocks. Do not use ashes or cinders because
they are corrosive. Build a dike at least 18 inches high around each
major storage division in which low-flash products are stored. This dike
must be able to hold all the liquid in the drums stored in the area and
have a freeboard of at least 6 inches. Choose a site for at least two
clearing (incoming and outgoing) areas. These will be used to segregate
incoming and outgoing mixed loads (railroad cars or truckloads). Each
area should have its own site. The sites should be located next to each
other so that the same personnel can operate both areas.