petroleum logistics responsibilities in a unified
in the air, entrained water suspended in the form
command in oversea areas.
of minute droplets, and free water.
Off-specification product A product which fails to
meet one or more of the physical, chemical, or
performance requirements of the specification.
Petroleum measurement tables ASTM-IP tables
provided for the calculation of quantities of
petroleum and its products under the required
conditions in any of three systems of
measurements. Tables are provided for the
reduction of gravity and volume to standard states
over normal operating ranges, for calculation of
weight-volume relationship, and for
interconversion of a wide variety of commercially
useful unit's (ASTM Method D 1250).
insulating oils, temporary protectives, liquid and
compressed gases, chemical products, liquid
coolants, deicing and antifreeze compounds,
together with components and additives of such
Quality surveillance The measures taken to ensure
that petroleum products which have been accepted
by the government as being of the required quality
are still of the required quality when delivered to
the user. QS includes watching over and caring for
products during all storage and handling
operations, adhering to handling methods and
procedures designed to protect quality, and
examining and testing of products in storage and
on change of custody.
Sediment and water Solids and aqueous solutions
which may be present in an oil and which may be
left to settle or which may be separated more
Specific gravity the ratio of the weight of any
quantity of matter, a petroleum product for
example, to the weight of an equal quantity of
water; usually determined by use of a hydrometer.
volatile Tending to evaporate or vaporize readily;
volatility is the extent to which a liquid vaporizes or
the ease with which it turns to vapor.
volume correction The correction of measured
quantity of product, determined by gaging at
observed temperature and gravity and reference to
a gage table, to net quantity of product at 60 F
(16C) after deducting bottom water and sediment.
form; includes dissolved water similar to moisture